'''Marie-Madeleine Pioche de La Vergne, comtesse de La Fayette''' (baptism|baptized
18 March 1634 – 25 May 1693), better known as '''Madame de La Fayette''', was a French writer, the author of ''La Princesse de Clèves
'', France's first historical novel
and one of the earliest novel
s in literature.